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Walter Scott Publishing Company Bibliography Mla

 

Article in an encyclopedia with an authorPlease note that all entries should be typed double-spaced. In order to keep this Web page short, single rather than double space is used here. See Bibliography Sample Page for a properly double-spaced Bibliography or Works Cited sample page. Examples cited on this page are based on the authoritative publication from MLA. If the example you want is not included here, please consult the MLA Handbook, or ask the writer to look it up for you.

Format for entries: A single space is used after any punctuation mark. When dividing a long word or URL onto two lines, put a hyphen, slash, or period at the end of the line. Do not add a hyphen to a URL that was not originally there. Never begin a new line with a punctuation mark. Double-space all lines in a bibliography entry. Do not indent the first line of a bibliography entry, but indent second and subsequent lines 5 spaces, or 1/2″ (1.25 cm) from the left margin.

In your Bibliography, Works Cited, or References page, you must include all of the above MLA parenthetical citation.

When writing a bibliography, remember that the purpose is to communicate to the reader, in a standardized manner, the sources that you have used in sufficient detail to be identified. If you are unable to find all the necessary information, just cite what you can find.

Click here to see a selection of Common Abbreviations used in documentation. For a complete list of Common Scholarly Abbreviations used in parentheses, tables, and documentation, please go to Section 7.4 of the 6th edition of the MLA Handbook.

1. Book with one author or editor:

Bell, Stewart. The Martyr’s Oath: The Apprenticeship of a Homegrown Terrorist.
Mississauga, ON: Wiley, 2005.

Biale, David, ed. Cultures of the Jews: A New History. New York: Schocken, 2002.

Bowker, Michael. Fatal Deception: The Untold Story of Asbestos: Why It Is Still Legal
and Still Killing Us. N.p.: Rodale, 2003.
N.p. = No place of publication indicated.
Capodiferro, Alessandra, ed. Wonders of the World: Masterpieces of Architecture from
4000 BC to the Present. Vercelli: White Star, 2004.

Cross, Charles R. Room Full of Mirrors: A Biography of Jimi Hendrix. New York:
Hyperion, 2005.

Maltin, Leonard, ed. Movie & Video Guide 2002 Edition. New York: New American, 2001.

Meidenbauer, Jörg, ed. Discoveries and Inventions: From Prehistoric to Modern Times.
Lisse: Rebo, 2004.

Puzo, Mario. The Family: A Novel. Completed by Carol Gino. New York: Harper, 2001.

Rowling, J.K. Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets. New York: Scholastic, 1999.

—. Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban. Thorndike, ME: Thorndike, 2000.

Suskind, Ron. The Price of Loyalty: George W. Bush, the White House, and the Education of
Paul O’Neill. New York: Simon, 2004.

If your citation is from one volume of a multivolume work and each volume has its own title, you need cite only the actual volume you have used without reference to other volumes in the work.

Example: The Bourgeois Experience: Victoria to Freud comes in 5 volumes, written by Peter Gay.

(Title of Vol. 1: Education of the Senses)

Gay, Peter. Education of the Senses. New York: Norton, 1999.

(Title of Vol. 2: The Tender Passion)

Gay, Peter. The Tender Passion. New York: Oxford UP, 1986.

(Title of Vol. 3: The Cultivation of Hatred)

Gay, Peter. The Cultivation of Hatred. London: Harper, 1994.

(Title of Vol. 4: The Naked Heart)

Gay, Peter. The Naked Heart. New York: Norton, 1995.

(Title of Vol. 5: Pleasure Wars)

Gay, Peter. Pleasure Wars. New York: Norton, 1998.

2. Book with two authors or editors:

Bohlman, Herbert M., and Mary Jane Dundas. The Legal, Ethical and International
Environment of Business. 5th ed. Cincinnati, OH: West, 2002.

Bolman, Lee G., and Terrence E. Deal. Leading with Soul: An Uncommon Journey
of Spirit. Rev. ed. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 2001.

Calvesi, Maurizio, and Lorenzo Canova, eds. Rejoice! 700 Years of Art for the Papal
Jubilee. New York: Rizzoli, 1999.

Cohen, Andrew, and J.L. Granatstein, eds. Trudeau’s Shadow: The Life and Legacy
of Pierre Elliott Trudeau. Toronto: Random, 1998.

Heath, Joseph, and Andrew Potter. The Rebel Sell: Why the Culture Can’t Be Jammed.
2nd ed. Toronto: Harper, 2005.

Llewellyn, Marc, and Lee Mylne. Frommer’s Australia 2005. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley, 2005.

Summers, Anthony, and Robbyn Swan. Sinatra: The Life. New York: Knopf, 2005.

Book prepared for publication by two editors:

Shakespeare, William. The Tragedy of Hamlet, Prince of Denmark.
Ed. Barbara A. Mowat and Paul Werstine. New York: Washington
Square, 1992.

3. Book with three authors or editors:

Clancy, Tom, Carl Stiner, and Tony Koltz. Shadow Warriors: Inside the Special
Forces. New York: Putnam, 2002.

Hewitt, Les, Andrew Hewitt, and Luc d’Abadie. The Power of Focus for College
Students. Deerfield Beach, FL: Health Communications, 2005.

Larsson, Mans O., Alexander Z. Speier, and Jennifer R. Weiss, eds. Let’s Go:
Germany 1998. New York: St. Martin’s, 1998.

Palmer, R.R., Joel Colton, and Lloyd Kramer. A History of the Modern World: To 1815.
9th ed. New York: Knopf, 2002.

Suzuki, David, Amanda McConnell, and Maria DeCambra. The Sacred Balance: 
A Visual Celebration of Our Place in Nature. Vancouver: Greystone, 2002.

4. Book with more than three authors or editors:

You have a choice of listing all of the authors or editors in the order as they appear on the title page of the book, or use “et al.” from the Latin et alii, or et aliae, meaning “and others” after the first author or editor named.

Nelson, Miriam E., Kristin R. Baker, Ronenn Roubenoff, and Lawrence Lindner.
Strong Women and Men Beat Arthritis. New York: Perigee, 2003.
or,
Nelson, Miriam E., et al. Strong Women and Men Beat Arthritis. New York:
Perigee, 2003.

Hogan, David J., et al., eds. The Holocaust Chronicle: A History in Words and Pictures.
Lincolnwood, IL: International, 2000.

Pound, Richard W., Richard Dionne, Jay Myers, and James Musson, eds. Canadian
Facts and Dates. 3rd ed. Markham, ON: Fitzhenry, 2005.
or,
Pound, Richard W., et al., eds.  Canadian Facts and Dates. 3rd ed. Markham, ON:
2005.

Rogerson, Holly Deemer, et al. Words for Students of English: A Vocabulary
Series for ESL. Vol. 6. Advanced Level ESL. Pittsburgh, PA: U of Pittsburgh P, 1989.

5. Book with compilers, or compilers and editors:

McClay, John B., and Wendy L. Matthews, comps. and eds. Corpus Juris Humorous:
A Compilation of Outrageous, Unusual, Infamous and Witty Judicial Opinions
from 1256 A.D. to the Present. New York: Barnes, 1994.

O’Reilly, James, Larry Habegger, and Sean O’Reilly, comps. and eds. Danger:
True Stories of Trouble and Survival. San Francisco: Travellers’ Tales, 1999.

Teresa, Mother. The Joy in Loving: A Guide to Daily Living with Mother Teresa.
Comp. Jaya Chaliha and Edward Le Joly. New York: Viking, 1997.

Note abbreviation: comp. = compiler or compiled by.

6. Book with no author or editor stated:

Maclean’s Canada’s Century: An Illustrated History of the People and Events
That Shaped Our Identity. Toronto: Key, 1999.

Microsoft PowerPoint Version 2002 Step by Step. Redmond, WA: Perspection, 2001.

The Movie Book. London: Phaidon, 1999.

With Scott to the Pole: The Terra Nova Expedition 1910-1913. Photographs of
Herbert Ponting. New York: BCL, 2004.

7. Book with one author, translated by another:

Muller, Melissa. Anne Frank: The Biography. Trans. Rita and Robert Kimber.
New York: Metropolitan, 1998.

8. Work in an anthology, a collection by several authors, with one or more editors and/or compilers:

Fox, Charles James. “Liberty Is Order, Liberty Is Strength.” What Is a Man?
3,000 Years of Wisdom on the Art of Manly Virtue. Ed. Waller R. Newell.
New York: Harper, 2001. 306-7.

Wilcox, Robert K. “Flying Blind.” Danger: True Stories of Trouble and Survival.
Comp. and ed. James O’Reilly, Larry Habegger, and Sean O’Reilly.
San Francisco: Travellers’ Tales, 1999. 211-22.

9. Article in an encyclopedia with no author stated:

“Nazi Party.” New Encyclopaedia Britannica. 1997 ed.

“Tajikistan.” World Book Encyclopedia of People and Places. 2000 ed.

10. Article in an encyclopedia with an author:

If the encyclopedia is well known and articles are arranged alphabetically, it is not necessary to indicate the volume and page numbers. If the encyclopedia is not well known, you must give full publication information including author, title of article, title of encyclopedia, name of editor or edition, number of volumes in the set, place of publication, publisher and year of publication.

Kibby, Michael W. “Dyslexia.” World Book Encyclopedia. 2000 ed.

Midge, T. “Powwows.” Encyclopedia of North American Indians. Ed. D.L. Birchfield.
11 vols. New York: Cavendish, 1997.

11. Article in a magazine, journal, periodical, newsletter, or newspaper with no author stated:

“100 Years of Dust and Glory.” Popular Mechanics Sept. 2001: 70-75.

“Celestica to Repair Palm Handhelds.” Globe and Mail [Toronto] 29 Oct. 2002: B6.

“E-Money Slips Quietly into Oblivion.” Nikkei Weekly [Tokyo] 22 Jan. 2001: 4.

“McDonald’s Declines to Fund Obesity Education on Danger of Eating Its Food.”
National Post [Toronto] 18 Apr. 2006: FP18.

“Pot Use Doubled in Decade, Study Says: 14% Smoked Up in the Past Year.” Toronto Star
25 Nov. 2004: A18.

“Secondhand Smoke Reduces Kids’ IQs.” Buffalo News 23 Jan. 2005: I6.

12. Article in a magazine, journal, periodical, newsletter, or newspaper with one or more authors:

Use “+” for pages that are not consecutive.
Example: When numbering pages, use “38-45” if page numbers are consecutive. Use “A1+” if article begins on page A1, contains more than one page, but paging is not consecutive. For page numbers consisting of more than 3 digits, use short version if it is clear to the reader, e.g. 220-268 may be written as 220-68, but 349-560 must be written in full.
Note also that there is no period after the month. The period in “Mar.” is for the abbreviation of March.  If there are 4 or less letters in the month, e.g. May, June, and July, the months are not abbreviated. If the publication date is July 18, 2005, citation will be 18 July 2005.

Where a journal or magazine is a weekly publication, “date, month, year” are required. Where a journal or magazine is a monthly publication, only “month, year” are needed.

Where a newspaper title does not indicate the location of publication, add the city of publication between square brackets, e.g. Daily Telegraph [London]. Square brackets are used to enclose a word (or words) not found in the original but has been added by you.

An article in a scholarly journal is treated somewhat differently:

Nielsen, Laura Beth. “Subtle, Pervasive, Harmful: Racist and Sexist Remarks in
Public as Hate Speech.” Journal of Social Issues 58.2 (2002): 265.

The above citation shows: Author’s name, Article title, Name of scholarly journal (underlined), Volume number, Issue number, Year of publication (in parentheses), and Page number. If the article is accessed online, add Access date and URL at the end.

Bogomolny, Laura. “Boss Your Career.” Canadian Business 13-16 Mar. 2006: 47-49.

Cave, Andrew. “Microsoft and Sun Settle Java Battle.” Daily Telegraph [London]
25 Jan. 2001: 36.

Cohen, Stephen S., and J. Bradford DeLong. “Shaken and Stirred.” Atlantic Monthly
Jan.-Feb. 2005: 112+.

Coleman, Isobel. “Women, Islam, and the New Iraq.” Foreign Affairs Jan.-Feb. 2006: 24+.

Daly, Rita. “Bird Flu Targeting the Young.” Toronto Star 11 Mar. 2006: A1+.

Dareini, Ali Akbar. “Iranian President Defends Country’s Nuclear Ambitions.” Buffalo News
15 Jan. 2006: A6.

Hewitt, Ben. “Quick Fixes for Everyday Disasters.” Popular Mechanics Nov. 2004: 83-88.

Johnson, Linda A. “Fight Flu with Good, Old Advice from Mom.” Buffalo News
10 Oct. 2004: A1-2.

Mather, Victoria. “In Tiger Country.” Photos by James Merrell. Town & Country Travel
Fall 2004: 102-111.

Mohanty, Subhanjoy, and Ray Jayawardhana. “The Mystery of Brown Dwarf Origins.”
Scientific American Jan. 2006: 38-45.

Petroski, Henry. “Framing Hypothesis: A Cautionary Tale.” American Scientist Jan.-Feb.
2003: 18-22.

Plungis, Jeff, Ed Garsten, and Mark Truby. “Caremakers’ Challenge: Green, Mean
Machines.” Detroit News and Free Press Metro ed. 12 Jan. 2003: 1A+.

Sachs, Jeffrey D. “A Practical Plan to End Extreme Poverty.” Buffalo News 23 Jan. 2005: I2.

Saletan, William. “Junk-Food Jihad.” National Post [Toronto] 18 Apr. 2006: A18.

Thomas, Cathy Booth, and Tim Padgett. “Life Among the Ruins.” Time 19 Sept. 2005: 28+.

Wolanski, Eric, Robert Richmond, Laurence McCook, and Hugh Sweatman. “Mud,
Marine Snow and Coral Reefs.” American Scientist Jan.-Feb. 2003: 44-51.
or use “et al.”:
Wolanski, Eric, et al.  “Mud, Marine Snow and Coral Reefs.” American Scientist
Jan.-Feb. 2003: 44-51.

13. Article from SIRS (Social Issues Resources Series):

Suggested citation example from SIRS:
Bluestone, Barry, and Irving Bluestone. “Workers (and Managers) of the World Unite.”
Technology Review Nov.-Dec. 1992: 30-40. Reprinted in WORK. (Boca Raton, FL:
Social Issues Resource Series, 1992), Article No. 20.
Example in MLA style:
Bluestone, Barry, and Irving Bluestone. “Workers (and Managers) of the World Unite.”
Technology Review Nov.-Dec. 1992: 30-40. Work. Ed. Eleanor Goldstein. Vol. 5.
Boca Raton: SIRS, 1992. Art. 20.

14. Advertisement:

Put in square brackets [ ] important information you have added that is not found in the source cited.
Build-a-Bear. Advertisement. 7 Feb. 2005 <http://www.buildabear.com/shop/default.aspx>.

GEICO. Advertisement. Newsweek 16 Jan. 2006: 92.

IBM. Advertisement. Globe and Mail [Toronto]. 29 Oct. 2002: B7.

Toyota. Advertisement. Atlantic Monthly. Jan.-Feb. 2005: 27-30.

15. Booklet, pamphlet, or brochure with no author stated:

Diabetes Care: Blood Glucose Monitoring. Burnaby, BC: LifeScan Canada, 1997.

16. Booklet, pamphlet, or brochure with an author:

Zimmer, Henry B. Canplan: Your Canadian Financial Planning Software. Calgary, AB:
Springbank, 1994.

17. Book, movie or film review:

May use short forms: Rev. (Review), Ed. (Edition, Editor, or Edited), Comp. (Compiled, Compiler).
Creager, Angela N.H. “Crystallizing a Life in Science.” Rev. of Rosalind Franklin: The
Dark Lady of DNA, by Brenda Maddox. American Scientist Jan.-Feb. 2003: 64-66.

Dillon, Brenda. “Hana’s Suitcase.” Rev. of Hana’s Suitcase, by Karen Levine.
Professionally Speaking June 2003: 36.

Foley, Margaret. “Measured Deception.” Rev. of The Measure of All Things: The 
Seven-Year Odyssey and Hidden Error That Transformed the World, by Ken Alder.
Discover Nov. 2002: 77.

Groskop, Viv. “Chinese Torture – at Five.” Rev. of The Binding Chair, by Kathryn
Harrison. International Express 6 June 2000, Canadian ed.: 37.

Hoffman, Michael J. “Huck’s Ironic Circle.” Rev. of The Adventures of Huckleberry
Finn, by Mark Twain. Modern Critical Interpretations of Mark Twain’s
Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, ed. Harold Bloom. New York: Chelsea,
1986, 31-44.

Iragui, Vicente. Rev. of Injured Brains of Medical Minds: Views from Within, comp.
and ed. Narinder Kapur. New England Journal of Medicine 26 Feb. 1998:
629-30.

Neier, Aryeh. “Hero.” Rev. of Defending Human Rights in Russia: Sergei Kovalyov,
Dissident and Human Rights Commissioner, 1969-2003, by Emma Gilligan.
New York Review of Books 13 Jan. 2005: 30-33.

Onstad, Katrina. “A Life of Pain and Paint.” Rev. of Frida, dir. Julie Taymor. National
Post [Toronto] 1 Nov. 2002: PM1+.

Redekop, Magdalene. “The Importance of Being Mennonite.” Rev. of A Complicated
Kindness, by Miriam Toews. Literary Review of Canada Oct. 2004: 19-20.

Simic, Charles. “The Image Hunter.” Rev. of Joseph Cornell: Master of Dreams, by
Diane Waldman. New York Review 24 Oct. 2002: 14+.

18. CD-ROM, DVD:

A Place in the Sun. Dir. George Stevens. 1951. DVD. Paramount, 2001.

Encarta 2004 Reference Library. CD-ROM. Microsoft, 2003.

Encarta 2004 Reference Library Win32. Educ. ed. DVD. Microsoft, 2003.

LeBlanc, Susan, and Cameron MacKeen. “Racism and the Landfill.” Chronicle-Herald
7 Mar. 1992: B1. CD-ROM. SIRS 1993 Ethnic Groups. Vol. 4. Art. 42.

Links 2003: Championship Courses. CD-ROM. Microsoft Game Studios, 2002.

YellowPages.city: Toronto-Central West Edition, 1998. CD-ROM. Montreal:
Tele-Direct, 1998.

19. Computer service – e.g. BRS, DIALOG, MEAD, etc.:

Landler, Mark. “Can U.S. Companies Even Get a Bonjour?” New York Times,
Late Ed. – Final Ed., 1. 2 Oct. 1995. DIALOG File 472, item 03072065
197653951002.

20. Definition from a dictionary:

When citing a definition from a dictionary, add the abbreviation Def. after the word. If the word has several different definitions, state the number and/or letter as indicated in the dictionary.
“Mug.” Def. 2. The New Lexicon Webster’s Encyclopedic Dictionary of the
English Language. Canadian ed. 1988.

21. Film, Movie:

Short forms may be used, e.g. dir. (directed by), narr. (narrated by), perf. (performers), prod. (produced by), writ. (written by). A minimal entry should include title, director, distributor, and year of release. You may add other information as deemed pertinent between the title and the distributor. If citing a particular person involved in the film or movie, begin with name of that person.
Charlie and the Chocolate Factory. Dir. Tim Burton. Based on book by Roald Dahl.
Perf. Johnny Depp. Warner, 2005.

Depp, Johnny, perf. Charlie and the Chocolate Factory. Dir. Tim Burton. Based on book
by Roald Dahl. Warner, 2005.

Burton, Tim, dir. Charlie and the Chocolate Factory. Based on book by Roald Dahl. Perf.
Johnny Depp. Warner, 2005.

Monster-in-Law. Dir. Robert Luketic. Writ. Anya Kochoff. Prod. Paula Weinstein,
Chris Bender, and J.C. Spink. Perf. Jennifer Lopez and Jane Fonda. New Line, 2005.

Nanny McPhee. Dir. Kirk Jones. Based on Nurse Matilda Books Writ. Christianna
Brand. Prod. Lindsay Doran, Tim Bevan, and Eric Fellner. Perf. Emma Thompson,
Colin Firth, and Angela Lansbury. Universal, 2005.

One Hour Photo. Writ. and dir. Mark Romanek. Prod. Christine Vachon, Pam Koffler,
and Stan Wlodkowski. Perf. Robin Williams. Fox Searchlight, 2002.

Titanic. Dir., writ., prod., ed. James Cameron. Prod. Jon Landau. Twentieth
Century Fox and Paramount, 1997.

The Tuxedo. Dir. Kevin Donovan. Prod. John H. Williams, and Adam Schroeder.
Perf. Jackie Chan and Jennifer Love Hewitt. DreamWorks, 2002.

22. Government publication:

Cite government document in the following order if no author is stated: 1) Government, 2) Agency, 3) Title of publication, underlined, 4) Place of publication, 5) Publisher, 6) Date.
Canada. Minister of Indian Affairs and Northern Development. Gathering Strength:
Canada’s Aboriginal Action Plan. Ottawa: Minister of Public Works and
Government Services Canada, 2000.

United States. National Council on Disability. Carrying on the Good Fight –
Summary Paper from Think Tank 2000 – Advancing the Civil and Human
Rights of People with Disabilities from Diverse Cultures. Washington:
GPO, 2000.
Note: GPO = Government Printing Office in Washington, DC which publishes most of the U.S. federal government documents.

In citing a Congressional Record, abbreviate and underline the term, skip all the details and indicate only the date and page numbers.

Example:

United States. Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996. PL 104-193. Congressional Record. Washington: GPO, July 31, 1996.
Cite simply as:
Cong. Rec. 31 July 1996: 104-193.

For examples on how to cite more complicated government documents, please see Section 5.6.21 in MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers, 6th ed.

23. Internet citations, or citing electronic sources:

a. Internet citation for an advertisement

b. Internet citation for an article from an online database (e.g. SIRS, eLibrary), study guide, magazine, journal, periodical, newsletter, newspaper, online library subscription database service, or an article in PDF with one or more authors stated

c. Internet citation for an article from an online encyclopedia

d. Internet citation for an article from an online magazine, journal, periodical, newsletter, or newspaper with no author stated

e. Internet citation for an article in a scholarly journal

f. Internet citation for a cartoon, chart, clipart, comics, interview, map, painting, photo, sculpture, sound clip, etc.

g. Internet citation for an e-mail (email) from an individual, a listserver, an organization, or citation for an article forwarded from an online database by e-mail

h. Internet citation for an online government publication

i. Internet citation for an online posting, forum, letter to the editor

j. Internet citation for an online project, an information database, a personal or professional Web site

k. Internet citation for a software download

l. Internet citation for a speech taken from a published work with an editor

m. Internet citation for a work translated and edited by another
Basic components of an Internet citation:
1) Author.

2) “Title of Article, Web page or site” in quotation marks.

3) Title of Magazine, Journal, Newspaper, Newsletter, Book, Encyclopedia, or Project, underlined.

4) Editor of Project.

5) Indicate type of material, e.g. advertisement, cartoon, clipart, electronic card, interview, map, online posting, photograph, working paper, etc. if not obvious.

6) Date of article, of Web page or site creation, revision, posting, last update, or date last modified.

7) Group, association, name of forum, sponsor responsible for Web page or Web site.

8) Access date (the date you accessed the Web page or site).

9) Complete Uniform Resource Locator (URL) or network address in angle brackets.

Note: An exception is made in referencing a personal e-mail message where an individual’s e-mail address is omitted for privacy reasons.
Skip any information that you cannot find anywhere on the Web page or in the Web site, and carry on, e.g. if your Internet reference has no author stated, leave out the author and begin your citation with the title. Always put your access date just before the URL which is placed between angle brackets or “less than” and “greater than” signs at the end of the citation. Generally, a minimum of three items are required for an Internet citation: Title, Access Date, and URL.

If the URL is too long for a line, divide the address where it creates the least ambiguity and confusion, e.g. do not divide a domain name and end with a period such as geocities. Do not divide a term in the URL that is made up of combined words e.g. SchoolHouseRock. Never add a hyphen at the end of the line to indicate syllabical word division unless the hyphen is actually found in the original URL. Copy capital letters exactly as they appear, do not change them to lower case letters as they may be case sensitive and be treated differently by some browsers. Remember that the purpose of indicating the URL is for readers to be able to access the Web page. Accuracy and clarity are essential.

a. Internet citation for an advertisement:

IBM. Advertisement. 23 Mar. 2003 <http://www.bharatiyahockey.org/2000Olympics/ibm.htm>.

TheraTears. Advertisement. 2003. 8 May 2004 <http://www.theratears.com/dryeye.htm>.

b. Internet citation for an article from an online database (e.g. SIRS, eLibrary), study guide, magazine, journal, periodical, newsletter, newspaper, online library subscription database service, or an article in PDF with one or more authors stated:

Bezlova, Antoaneta. “China to Formalize One-Child Policy.” Asia Times Online.
24 May 2001. 10 Oct. 2005 <http://www.atimes.com/china/CE24Ad02.html>.

Clifford, Erin. “Review of Neuropsychology.” SparkNotes. 10 Oct. 2005
<http://www.sparknotes.com/psychology/neuro/review/>.

Machado, Victoria, and George Kourakos. IT Offshore Outsourcing Practices in Canada. Ottawa:
Public Policy Forum, 2004. 10 Oct. 2005 <http://www.ppforum.com/ow/it_outsourcing.pdf>.

Marshall, Leon. “Mandela in Retirement: Peacemaker without Rest.” 9 Feb. 2001.
National Geographic 10 Oct. 2005 <http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/
2001/02/0209_mandela.html>.

Thomason, Larisa. “HTML Tip: Why Valid Code Matters.” Webmaster Tips
Newsletter. Dec. 2003. NetMechanic. 10 Oct. 2005 <http://www.netmechanic.com/
news/vol6/html_no20.htm>.
If using an online library subscription database service, add the name of the service, the name of the library or library system, plus the location of the library where the database is accessed, e.g.:
Gearan, Anne. “Justice Dept: Gun Rights Protected.” Washington Post. 8 May 2002.
SIRS. Iona Catholic Secondary School, Mississauga, ON. 23 Apr. 2004
<http://www.sirs.com>.

Note: 8 May 2002 = date of publication, 23 Apr. 2004 = date of access. Indicate page numbers after publication date if available, e.g. 8 May 2002: 12-14. Leave out page numbers if not indicated in the source.

Pahl, Greg. “Heat Your Home with Biodiesel”. Mother Earth News. 12 Jan. 2003.
eLibrary Canada.  Twin Lakes Secondary School, Orillia, ON. 10 Apr. 2006.
<http://elibrary.bigchalk.com/ce/canada>.

Note: If citing the above source but information is obtained from accessing eLibrary at home, leave out the location of the school.

Pahl, Greg. “Heat Your Home with Biodiesel”. Mother Earth News. 12 Jan. 2003.
eLibrary Canada. 10 Apr. 2006. <http://www.proquestk12.com>.

c. Internet citation for an article from an online encyclopedia:

Duiker, William J. “Ho Chi Minh.” Encarta Online Encyclopedia. 2005. Microsoft. 10 Oct. 2005
<http://encarta.msn.com/encyclopedia_761558397/Ho_Chi_Minh.html>.

“Ho Chi Minh.” Encyclopædia Britannica. 2005. Encyclopædia Britannica Premium Service.
9 Oct. 2005 <http://www.britannica.com/eb/article-9040629>.

“Royal Shakespeare Company (RSC).” Britannica Concise Encyclopedia. 2005.  Encyclopædia Britannica.
8 Oct. 2005  <http://concise.britannica.com/ebc/article?eu=402567>.

d. Internet citation for an article from an online magazine, journal, periodical, newsletter, or newspaper with no author stated:

“Childcare Industry ‘Should Welcome Men’.” BBC News Online: Education.7 June 2003.
10 Oct. 2005 <http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/low/education/2971310.stm>.

“Taiwan: A Dragon Economy and the Abacus.” BrookesNews.Com. 8 Dec. 2003.
10 Oct. 2005 <http://www.brookesnews.com/030812taiwan.html>.

e. Internet citation for an article in a scholarly journal:

Nielsen, Laura Beth. “Subtle, Pervasive, Harmful: Racist and Sexist Remarks in
Public as Hate Speech.” Journal of Social Issues 58.2 (2002), 265-280. 7 June 2003
<http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/doi/abs/10.1111/1540-4560.00260>.

f. Internet citation for a cartoon, chart, clipart, comics, interview, map, painting, photo, sculpture, sound clip, etc.:

“Islamic State of Afghanistan: Political Map.” Map. Atlapedia Online. 1993-2003.
Latimer Clarke. 7 June 2003 <http://www.atlapedia.com/online/maps/
political/Afghan_etc.htm>.

Kersten, Rick, and Pete Kersten. “Congratulations!” Electronic card. Blue Mountain Arts.
2000. 7 June 2003 <http://www.bluemountain.com/
display.pd?path=35041&bfrom=1&prodnum=3032062&>.

Lee, Lawrence. Interview. JournalismJobs.com. Feb. 2003. 10 Oct. 2005
<http://www.journalismjobs.com/lawrence_lee.cfm>.

Schulz, Charles. “Peanuts Collection – Snoopy Cuddling Woodstock.” Cartoon. Art.com.
25 Apr. 2004 <http://www.art.com/asp/sp.asp?PD=10037710&RFID=814547>.

“Woodhull, Victoria C.” American History 102 Photo Gallery. 1997. State
Historical Society of Wisconsin. 10 Oct. 2005 <http://us.history.wisc.edu/
hist102/photos/html/1023.html>.

g. Internet citation for an e-mail (email) from an individual, a listserve, an organization, or citation for an article forwarded from an online database by e-mail:

Barr, Susan I. “The Creatine Quandry.” Bicycling Nov. 1998.  EBSCOhost Mailer.
E-mail to E. Interior. 11 May 2003.

Kenrick, John. “Re: Link to Musicals101.com.” E-mail to I. Lee. 10 May 2003.

“NEW THIS WEEK for September 8, 2005.” E-mail to author. 8 Sept. 2005
LII Team <[email protected]>.

PicoSearch. “Your PicoSearch Account is Reindexed.” E-mail to John Smith.
10 Oct. 2005.

h. Internet citation for an online government publication:

Canada. Office of the Auditor General of Canada and the Treasury Board
Secretariat. Modernizing Accountability Practices in the Public Sector.
6 Jan. 1998. 10 Oct. 2005 <http://www.tbs-sct.gc.ca/rma/account/
oagtbs_e.asp>.

United States. National Archives and Records Administration. The Bill of Rights.
29 Jan. 1998. 10 Oct. 2005 <http://www.archives.gov/exhibit_hall/
charters_of_freedom/bill_of_rights/bill_of_rights.html>.

i. Internet citation for an online posting, forum, letter to the editor:

Kao, Ivy. “Keep Spreading the Word.” Online posting. 4 June 2003. Reader Responses,
Opinion Journal, Wall Street Journal Editorial Page. 10 Oct. 2005
<http://www.opinionjournal.com/la/responses.html?article_id=110003579>.

Seaside Harry. “My Friend Drove My Car with the Parking Brake On!” Online
posting. 10 Oct. 2005. PriusOnline.com Forum Index – Prius – Technical.
10 Oct. 2005 <http://www.priusonline.com/viewtopic.php?t=6298&highlight=>.

j. Internet citation for an online project, an information database, a personal or professional Web site:

The MAD Scientist Network. 1995-2001 or 30 Feb. 1906. Washington U
School of Medicine. 10 Oct. 2005. <http://www.madsci.org>.

O’Connor, J.J., and E.F. Robertson. “John Wilkins.” Feb. 2002. U of St. Andrews,
Scotland. 10 Oct. 2005 <http://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/
Mathematicians/Wilkins.html>.

Officer, Lawrence H. “Exchange Rate between the United States Dollar and Forty
Other Countries, 1913 -1999.” Economic History Services, EH.Net, 2002.
13 Apr. 2006 <http://www.eh.net/hmit/exchangerates/>.

Savill, R. Richard. “Jazz Age Biographies.” The Jazz Age Page. 23 Oct. 2000.
12 Apr. 2006 <http://www.btinternet.com/~dreklind/threetwo/Biograph.htm>.

Sullivan, Danny. “Search Engine Math.” 26 Oct. 2001. Search Engine Watch.
10 Apr. 2006 <http://www.searchenginewatch.com/facts/math.html>.

Wurmser, Meyrav, and Yotam Feldner. “Is Israel Negotiating with the Hamas?”
Inquiry and Analysis No. 16. 23 Mar. 1999. The Middle East Media and
Research Institute. 10 Oct. 2005 <http://memri.org/bin/articles.cgi?
Page=countries&Area=israel&ID=IA1699>.

k. Internet citation for a software download:

It is not essential to include the file size. Do so if preferred by your instructor.
RAMeSize. Vers. 1.04. 15K. 24 Sept. 2000. Blue Dice Software. 12 Oct. 2004
<http://www.pcworld.com/downloads/file_download.asp?fid=7605>.

l. Internet citation for a speech taken from a published work with an editor:

Lincoln, Abraham. “The Gettysburg Address.” 19 Nov. 1863. The Collected Works of
Abraham Lincoln. Ed. Roy P. Basler. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers UP,
1955. Abraham Lincoln Online. 10 Oct. 2005 <http://showcase.netins.net/
web/creative/lincoln/speeches/gettysburg.htm>.

m. Internet citation for a work translated and edited by another:

Augustine, Saint, Bishop of Hippo. Confessions & Enchiridion. Trans. and ed.
Albert C. Outler. 1955. Dallas, TX: Southern Methodist U. Digitized 1993.
10 Oct. 2005 <http://www.ccel.org/a/augustine/confessions/
confessions_enchiridion.txt>.

24. Interview:

Blair, Tony. Interview. Prime Minister’s Office. 31 May 2003. 13 Apr. 2006
<http://www.pm.gov.uk/output/Page3797.asp>.

Chirac, Jacques. Interview. Time 16 Feb. 2003. 10 Oct. 2005
<http://www.time.com/time/europe/magazine/2003/0224/cover/interview.html>.

Longin, Hellmut. Telephone interview. 3 May 2006.

Neilsen, Jerry. E-mail interview. 28 Apr. 2006.

Wyse, Randall. Personal interview. 24 July 2005.

25. Lecture:

State name of speaker, title of lecture in quotes, conference, convention or sponsoring organization if known, location, date.

Bradley, Vicki. “Marriage.” Agnes Arnold Hall, U of Houston. 15 Mar. 2003.

26. Letter, editorial:

An editorial:
Wilson-Smith, Anthony. “Hello, He Must Be Going.” Editorial. Maclean’s 26 Aug. 2002: 4.
Letter to the Editor:
Lange, Rick. “U.N. Has Become Ineffective and Ought to Be Disbanded.” Letter. Buffalo
News 23 Jan. 2005: I5.

Woods, Brede M. Letter. Newsweek 23 Sept. 2002: 16.

Kolbert, Elizabeth. “Six Billion Short: How Will the Mayor Make Ends Meet?” Letter.
New Yorker 13 Jan. 2003: 33-37.
Reply to a letter to the Editor:
Geens, Jennifer. Reply to letter of Bill Clark. Toronto Star 29 Sept. 2002: A1.
A letter you received from John Smith:
Smith, John. Letter to the author. 15 June 2005.
Published letter in a collection:
Twain, Mark. “Banned in Concord.” Letter to Charles L. Webster. 18 Mar. 1885.
Letter 850318 of Mark Twain. Ed. Jim Zwick. 2005. 10 Oct. 2005
<http://www.boondocksnet.com/twaintexts/letters/letter850318.html>.

27. Map or Chart:

Treat citation as if it is a book with no author stated. Indicate if the citation is for a chart or a map.
2004 Andex Chart. Chart. Windsor, ON: Andex, 2004.

Canada. Map. Ottawa: Canadian Geographic, 2003.

“Dallas TX.” Map. 2005 Road Atlas: USA, Canada, Mexico. Greenville, SC: Michelin, 2005.

28. Musical composition:

Components:
1) Name of composer.
2) Title of ballet, music piece or opera, underlined,
3) Form, number and key not underlined.
Beethoven, Ludwig van. Für Elise.

Strauss, Richard. Träumerei, op. 9, no. 4.
Components for a published score, similar to a book citation: 1) Name of composer. 2) Underlined title of ballet, music, opera, as well as no. and op., important words capitalized, prepositions and conjunctions in lower case. 3) Date composition written. 4) Place of publication: 5) Publisher, 6) Date of publication.
Chopin, Frederic. Mazurka Op. 7, No. 1. New York: Fischer, 1918.

Ledbetter, Huddie, and John Lomax. Goodnight, Irene. 1936. New York: Spencer, 1950.

Stier, Walter C. Sweet Bye and Bye. London: Paxton, 1953.

Weber, Carl Maria von. Invitation to the Dance Op. 65. 1819. London: Harris, 1933.

29. Painting, photograph, sculpture, architecture, or other art form

Components for citing original artwork: 1) Name of artist. 2) Title of artwork, underlined. 3) Date artwork created. 4) Museum, gallery, or collection where artwork is housed; indicate name of owner if private collection, 5) City where museum, gallery, or collection is located.
Ashoona, Kiawak. Smiling Family. 1966. McMichael Canadian Art Collection,
Kleinburg, ON.

Brancusi, Constantin. The Kiss. 1909. Tomb of T. Rachevskaia, Montparnasse
Cemetery, Paris.

The Great Sphinx. [c. 2500 BC]. Giza.

Ingres, Jean-Auguste-Dominique. Odalisque. 1814. Louvre Museum, Paris.

Raphael. The School of Athens. 1510-11. Stanza della Segnatura, Vatican Palace,
Rome.

Rude, François. La Marseillaise. 1833-36. Arc de Triomphe, Paris.
Components for artwork cited from a book: 1) Name of artist. 2) Underlined title of artwork. 3) Date artwork created (if date is uncertain use [c. 1503] meaning [circa 1503] or around the year 1503). 4) Museum, art gallery, or collection where artwork is housed, 5) City where museum, gallery, or collection is located. 6) Title of book used. 7) Author or editor of book. 8) Place of publication: 9) Publisher, 10) Date of publication. 11) Other relevant information, e.g. figure, page, plate, or slide number.
Abell, Sam. Japan. 1984. National Geographic Photographs: The Milestones.
By Leah Bendavid-Val, et al. Washington, DC: National Geographic, 1999.
232.

Carr, Emily. A Haida Village. [c. 1929]. McMichael Canadian Art Collection,
Kleinburg, ON. The McMichael Canadian Art Collection. By Jean Blodgett,
et al. Toronto: McGraw, 1989. 134.

Käsebier, Gertrude. The Magic Crystal. [c. 1904]. Royal Photographic Society,
Bath. A Basic History of Art. By H.W. Janson and Anthony F. Janson.
Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice, 1991. 412.

Leonardo, da Vinci. Mona Lisa (La Gioconda). [c. 1503-5]. Louvre Museum,
Paris. Favorite Old Master Paintings from the Louvre Museum. New York:
Abbeville, 1979. 31.

Michelangelo. David. 1501-04. Accademia di Belle Arti, Florence. The Great
Masters. By Giorgio Vasari. Trans. Gaston Du C. de Vere.  New York:
Park Lane, 1986. 226.

Sullivan, Louis. Wainright Building. 1890-91. St. Louis, MO. A Basic History of Art.
By H.W. Janson and Anthony F. Janson. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice,
1991. 408.

Tohaku, Deme. Ko-omote Female Mask. Edo period [1603-1867], Japan. Náprstek
Museum, Prague. The World of Masks. By Erich Herold, et al. Trans. Dušan
Zbavitel. London: Hamlyn, 1992. 207.

Vanvitelli, Luigi, and Nicola Salvi. Chapel of St. John the Baptist. 1742-51. São Roque,
Lisbon. By Rolf Toman, ed. Baroque: Architecture, Sculpture, Painting. Cologne:
Könemann, 1998. 118.
Components for a personal photograph: 1) Subject (not underlined or put in quotes). 2) Name of person who took the photograph. 3) Date of photograph taken.
War in Iraq: Operation Iraq Freedom on CNN. Personal photograph by author.
22 Mar. 2003.

Great Wall of China, Beijing, China. Personal photograph by Cassy Wyse. 28 July 2005.

30. Patent:

Components:
1) Patent inventor(s) or owner(s).
2) Title of patent.
3) Issuing country and patent number.
4) Date patent was issued.
Arbter, Klaus, and Guo-Qing Wei. “Verfahren zur Nachführung eines Stereo-Laparoskope
in der minimal invasiven Chirurgie.” German Patent 3943917. July 1996.

“Conversion of Calcium Compounds into Solid and Gaseous Compounds.” US Patent 5078813.
27 Sept. 1988.

Kamen, Dean L., et al. “Transportation Vehicles and Methods.” US Patent 5971091.
26 Oct. 1999.

31. Performance: (ballet, concert, musical, opera, play, theatrical performance)

Disney’s The Lion King. By Roger Allers and Irene Mecchi. Dir. Julie Taymor.
Music and lyrics by Elton John and Tim Rice. Princess of Wales Theatre,
Toronto. 9 June 2002.

The Hobbit. By J.R.R. Tolkien. Dir. Kim Selody. Perf. Herbie Barnes, Michael
Simpson, and Chris Heyerdahl. Living Arts Centre, Mississauga, ON.
20 Apr. 2002.

The Nutcracker. By Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky. Chor. and Libretto by James
Kudelka. Cond. Ormsby Wilkins and Uri Mayer. National Ballet of
Canada. Hummingbird Centre, Toronto. 30 Dec. 1999.

Phantom of the Opera. By Andrew Lloyd Webber. Lyrics by Charles Hart.
Dir. Harold Prince. Based on novel by Gaston Leroux. Pantages Theatre,
Toronto. 20 Sept. 1998.

The Shanghai Acrobats. By Incredible! Acrobats of China. Living Arts Centre,
Mississauga, ON. 4 Mar. 2005.

32. Radio, television:

Components:
1) Title of episode, underlined; or in quotes if appropriate.
2) Title of program, underlined.
3) Title of series.
4) Name of network.
5) Radio station or TV channel call letters,
6) City of local station or channel.
7) Broadcast date.
The CFRB Morning Show. By Ted Woloshyn. CFRB Radio, Toronto. 12 Sept. 2003.

Law and Order. Prod. Wolf Film, Universal Television. NBC Television Network.
WHEC, Rochester, NY. 16 Oct. 2002.

“New Threat from Osama?” By Jim Stewart. CBS News. WBEN, Buffalo.
13 Nov. 2002.

“New York Museum Celebrates Life of Einstein.” By Martha Graybow. Reuters,
New York. WBFO, Buffalo. 13 Nov. 2002.

“The Nightmare Drug.” By Bob McKeown, Linden MacIntyre, and Hana Gartner.
The Fifth Estate. CBC, Toronto. 16 Oct. 2002.

“U.S.: Tape Sounds Like Bin Laden.” AP, Washington, DC. On Your Side.
WGRZ-TV, Buffalo. 13 Nov. 2002.

33. Recording – Music CD, LP, magnetic tape:

Components:
1) Name of author, composer, singer, or editor.
2) Title of song (in quotation marks).
3) Title of recording (underlined).
4) Publication medium (LP, CD, magnetic tape, etc.).
5) Edition, release, or version.
6) Place of publication: Publisher, Date of publication. If citing from Internet.
Backstreet Boys. Larger than Life. Millennium. CD. Exclusive Management by
The Firm, Los Angeles, CA. Mastered by Tom Coyne, Sterling Sound, NYC.
Zomba, 1999.

Burch, Marilyn Reesor. Mosaic. CD. Writ., dir. and prod. Marilyn Reesor
Burch. Choirs dir. Don and Catherine Robertson. Barrie, ON: Power
Plant Recording Studio, n.d.
or,
Burch, Marilyn Reesor. Mosaic. CD. Writ., dir. and prod. Marilyn Reesor
Burch. Choirs dir. Don and Catherine Robertson. Barrie, ON: Power
Plant Recording Studio, [c. 1997].
Note: “n.d.” means “no date” available. [c. 1997] means “circa 1997.”
McDonald, Michael. No Lookin’ Back. LP. Prod. Michael McDonald and
Ted Templeman. Engineered and mixed by Ross Pallone.

34. Software on floppy disk

ThinkPad ACP Patch for ThinkPad 600, 770, and 770E. Diskette. Vers. 1.0.
IBM, 1998.

35. Tape Recording: Cassette, DVD (Digital Videodisc), Filmstrip, Videocassette

Covey, Stephen R. Living the 7 Habits: Applications and Insights. Cassette
tape recording read by author. New York: Simon, Audio Div., 1995.

Ginger. Solid Ground. Cassette tape recording from album Far Out. Vancouver:
Nettwerk, 1994.

Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban. Dir. Alfonso Cuarón. Based on novel
by J.K. Rowling. Perf. Daniel Radcliffe, Rupert Grint, and Emma Watson.
DVD. Warner, 2004.

Jane Austen’s Emma. Videocassette. Meridian Broadcasting. New York:
New Video Group, 1996.

Kicking & Screaming. Dir. Jesse Dylan. Writ. Leo Benvenuti and Steve Rudnick.
Perf. Will Ferrell and Robert Duvall. DVD. Universal, 2005.

The Sisterhood of the Traveling Pants. Dir. Ken Kwapis. Based on novel by
Ann Brashares.Perf. Amber Tamblyn, America Ferrera, Blake Lively,
and Alexis Bledel. DVD. Warner, Dungaree, 2005.

Super Searching the Web. Videocassette. Lancaster, PA: Classroom Connect,
1997.

The Wizard of Oz. Dir. Victor Fleming. Based on book by Lyman Frank Baum.
Perf. Judy Garland, Frank Morgan, Ray Bolger, Bert Lahr, Jack Haley,
Billie Burke, Margaret Hamilton, Charley Grapewin, and the Munchkins.
MGM, 1939. VHS. Warner, 1999.

36.Unpublished dissertations, theses

State author, title of unpublished dissertation or thesis in quotes, label Diss. or MA thesis, name of university, and year.
Elmendorf, James. “The Military and the Mall: Society and Culture in Long Beach, California.” BA thesis. Hampshire College, 1995.

Jackson, Marjorie. “The Oboe: A Study of Its Development and Use.” Diss. Columbia U, 1962.
Underline title if dissertation is published:
Chan, Marjorie K.M. Fuzhou Phonology: A Non-Linear Analysis of Tone and Stress. Diss. U of
Washington, 1985.

Gregory, T.R. The C-Value Enigma. PhD thesis. U. of Guelph, ON, 2002.

Recommended Reading – What is a Annotated Bibliography?

CONTENTS

  1. Book with one author or editor
  2. Book with two authors or editors
  3. Book with three authors or editors
  4. Book with more than three authors or editors
  5. Book with compilers, or compilers and editors
  6. Book with no author or editor stated
  7. Book with one author, translated by another
  8. Work in an anthology, a collection by several authors, with one or more editors and/or compilers
  9. Article in an encyclopedia with no author stated
  10. Article in an encyclopedia with an author
  11. Article in a magazine, journal, periodical, newsletter, or or newspaper with no author stated
  12. Article in a magazine, journal, periodical, newsletter, or newspaper with one or more authors
  13. Article from SIRS (Social Issues Resources Series)
  14. Advertisement
  15. Booklet, pamphlet, or brochure with no author stated
  16. Booklet, pamphlet, or brochure with an author
  17. Book, movie or film review
  18. CD-ROM, DVD
  19. Computer service, e.g. BRS, DIALOG, MEAD, etc.
  20. Definition from a dictionary
  21. Film, movie
  22. Government publication
  23. Internet citations, or citing electronic sources
  24. Interview
  25. Lecture
  26. Letter, editorial
  27. Map, chart
  28. Musical composition
  29. Painting, photograph, sculpture, architecture, or other art form
  30. Patent
  31. Performance (ballet, concert, musical, opera, play, theatrical performance)
  32. Radio, Television
  33. Recording – Music CD, LP, magnetic tape
  34. Software on floppy disk
  35. Tape Recording: Cassette, DVD (Digital Videodisc), Filmstrip, Videocassette
  36. Unpublished dissertations, theses

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Recent Scott-Related Events

This page lists recent conferences, papers, lectures, talks, and other events relating to all aspects of Scott's life and work. The page editor would be glad to be informed of any omissions or errors, or to receive notification of other relevant events.

Click here for a list of forthcoming Scott-related events:

2015 | 2014 | 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 | 2009 | 2008 | 2007 | 2006 | 2005 | 2004 | 2003

2015

1) BSECS 44th Annual Conference, St Hugh’s College, Oxford, 6-8 January 2015

The 44th Annual Conference of the British Society for Eighteenth-Century Studies featured one paper of particular Scott interest: 'Scott’s Rebellion Novels' by Céline Sabiron (Oxford/Nancy).

2) 'Negotiating Sites of Memory', 130th MLA Annual Convention, Vancouver, BC, 8-11 January 2015

The 129th Annual Convention of the Modern Language Association (MLA) featured two papers of Scott interest: ‘Walter Scott and the Antiromance of Romantic Life Writing’ by Caroline McCracken-Flesher (Wyoming) and ‘Locating Sir Walter Scott in American Authors' Homes’ by Paul A. Westover (Brigham Young).

3) 'Where Scott Met the Mahatma: Reflections on Transnational Literature', Lecture by Prof. Ann Rigney, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, British Columbia, 12 January 2015

This lecture in the Print Culture Speakers Series at Simon Fraser University was delivered by Ann Rigney, Professor of Comparative Literature at Utrecht University. Besides many articles on Scott, Prof. Rigney is the author of Imperfect Histories: The Elusive Past and the Legacy of Romantic Historicism (2001) and The Afterlives of Walter Scott: Memory on the Move (2012).

4) 'Women and Nineteenth-Century Literature', One-Day Conference, Alexander Turnbull Library, Wellington, New Zealand, 23 January 2015

This one-day conference, sponsored by the Society for the History of Authorship, Reading & Publishing (SHARP), and hosted by the Victoria University of Wellington and the Alexander Turnbull Library, featured on paper of Scott interest: 'Rebecca’s Jewishness and Montagu’s Turquerie: A possible source for the Jewess of Ivanhoe' by Melinda Graefe (Flinders).

5) International Conference on Narrative, Chicago, Illinois, 5-8 March 2015

Co-hosted by Northwestern University, The University of Chicago, The University of Illinois at Chicago, and Purdue University Calumet, the 2015 Narrative Conference was an interdisciplinary forum addressing all dimensions of narrative theory and practice. It featured one paper of particular Scott interest: 'The Border Novel in the Long Nineteenth Century: Walter Scott, Rudyard Kipling, and Imperial Yeomanry' by Kyle McAuley (Rutgers).

6) '"Repairing the Emblems of Death”: Commemorating the Covenanters in Nineteenth-Century Scottish Fiction', Annual SWINC Public Lecture by Prof. Alison Lumsden, Edinburgh University, 10 March 2015

Alison Lumsden, Co-Director of the University of Aberdeen's Walter Scott Research Centre, delivered the Annual SWINC (Scottish Writing in the Nineteenth Century) Public Lecture. Professor Lumsden is a General Editor of the Edinburgh Edition of the Waverley Novels and the lead editor for the forthcoming Edinburgh Edition of Walter Scott's poetry. She is author of Walter Scott and the Limits of Language (2010), has edited Peveril of the Peak (2007) for the Edinburgh Edition, and co-edited The Pirate (2000), The Heart of Mid-Lothian (2004), and Woodstock (2009).

7) 'Littérature et géographie: l'écriture de l'espace à travers les âges = Literature and Geography: The Writing of Space throughout History', International Conference, Université Lyon III Jean Moulin, 12-13 March 2015

Organized by the Institut d'Etudes Textuelles et Transculturelles of the Université Lyon III Jean Moulin, this confernce featured on paper of particular Scott interest: 'Walter Scott and the Geographical Novel' by Céline Sabiron (Oxford/Nancy).

8) ‘The Ghostly Afterlives of Walter Scott: Pseudotranslation in an Age of Mechanical Reproduction’, Edinburgh History of the Book Seminar by Dr Tom Toremans, University of Edinburgh, 13 March 2015

Hosted by Edinburgh University's Centre for the History of the Book, this seminar referred to Ann Rigney’s compelling study on The Afterlives of Walter Scott (2012), focusing on a particular phenomenon that has partially shaped and determined this afterlife but has been largely neglected by Scott scholarship (and Romantic scholarship in general, for that matter). Scott himself ironically commented on the phenomenon of pseudotranslation when in the preface to The Betrothed (1825) he assembled the fictional editors/characters from earlier Waverley novels (Templeton, Oldbuck, Dryasdust and Clutterbuck) under the chairmanship of the 'Eidolon, or image of the author' to discuss the mechanization of the production of Waverley novels. In his vehement rejection of the proposal Mr Templeton refers to the German Walladmor, a pseudotranslation he conjectures was probably produced by Herman Dousterswivel (the German swindler from The Antiquary) by means of a steam-engine. Such paratextual play with authorship and originality is not at all uncommon in Scottish Romantic fiction and least of all in Scott’s historical novels. Yet what makes this instance particularly interesting is its ironic reference to the production of pseudotranslations of Scott novels across Europe from the early 1820s onwards. Willibald Alexis's Walladmor (1823-24), which was in its turn translated into French and Dutch and re-translated 'back' into English by Thomas De Quincey, is only one example among many. Also posthumously, translations of 'newly discovered' works by Scott appeared on the European literary markets. This seminar approached pseudotranslation as a phenomenon that, although primarily commercially motivated, substantially complicates Romantic notions of originality and organic literary production, both in its experimentation with established literary conventions and in its extensive paratextual enactment of authenticity.

Dr Toremans is Assistant Professor at Leuven University, Belgium, where he teaches English literature and literary theory.

9) 'Romantic Doubles: Walter Scott, E.T.A. Hoffmann and Literary Reputation', Oxford Centre for Life Writing Lecture by Prof. Barry Murnane, Wolfson College, University of Oxford, 13 March 2015

The second of a seminar series on The Author in the Popular Imagination, sponsored by the Oxford Centre for Life Writing and organized by Joanna Neilly (Queen’s, Oxford), was delivered by Barry Murnane, Associate Professor in German and a Fellow of St. John’s College. Prof. Murnane's first book was a monograph on Franz Kafka (2008) and he has co-edited two volumes on the German Schauerroman, or Gothic novel (2011 and 2012) with Andrew Cusack. He is currently working on a monograph exploring the relationship between literature and pharmacy in the long eighteenth century and is editing a special issue of ANGERMION on Anglo-German cultural relations during the Hanoverian period.

10) 'Walter Scott and Jane Austen', Lecture by Prof. Claire Lamont, Abbotsford House, Melrose, 24 March 2015

2015 marks the bicentenary of the publication of Austen’s Emma, a work that prompted one of Scott’s most famous literary reviews. In this lecture, Claire Lamont, Emeritus Professor of English Romantic Literature at Newcastle University, explored how these two contemporary Regency authors responded to and were influenced by one another’s writings, despite never meeting. Among many other publications, Prof. Lamont has edited Waverley for the Clarendon Press and Longman York Press (both 1981), The Heart of Mid-Lothian for Oxford University Press (1982), and Chronicles of the Canongate for both Edinburgh University Press (2000) and Penguin Books (2003).

11) 'Shadows of Forgotten Ancestors: Enlightenment Anthropology and the Romantic Historical Novel', 2015 Giorgio Melchiori Lecture by Prof. Ian Duncan, Dipartimento di Lingue, Letterature, e Culture Straniere, Università degli Studi Roma Tre, Italy, 26 March 2015

The third annual Giorgio Melchiori Lecture, organized by the Centro di Ricerca Interdipartimentale per gli Studi Irlandesi e Scozzesi​ (CRISIS) of Università degli Studi Roma Tre, was delivered by Ian Duncan (Berkeley). He examined Scott's Waverley, Rob Roy, and Ivanhoe in relation to debates about the constitution of human nature (and its relation to history) in late-Enlightenment philosophical anthropology: Rousseau, Adam Ferguson, Kant and Herder. Prof. Duncan is holder of the Florence Green Bixby Chair in English, University of California, Berkeley, and author of numerous works on Scott including Scott's Shadow: The Novel in Romantic Edinburgh (2007).

12) ‘Material Cultures/Material Worlds’, 36th Annual Conference of the Nineteenth Century Studies Association, Boston, MA, 26-28 March 2015

The 36th Annual Conference of the Nineteenth Century Studies Association featured one paper of particular Scott interest: ‘Bigger  on  the  Inside: Books  as  Antiquities  at  Walter  Scott’s  Abbotsford’ by Caroline  McCracken-Flesher  (Wyoming).  

13) 'James Hogg and his World', James Hogg Society Conference, Victoria College, University of Toronto, 9-12 April 2015

The 2015 Conference of the James Hogg Society was co-sponsored by Victoria College and the Department of  English in the University of Toronto. It featured panels on the life and work of Hogg and/or his contemporaries as well as on James Hogg’s world.

14) 'Heroes and Horses in Virgil and Walter Scott: The Darker Side of Knightly Humor', J. P. Sullivan Memorial Lecture in Classics by Prof. Frederick M. Ahl, University of California Santa Barbara, 10 April 2015

The 2015 J. P. Sullivan Memorial Lecture in Classics at the University of California Santa Barbara was delivered by Prof. Frederick M. Ahl (Cornell).

15) 'Burns and Scott: Builders of the Scottish Nation', talk by Prof. Gerard Carruthers, Edinburgh Sir Walter Scott Club, 16 April 2015

Gerard Carruthers holds the Francis Hutcheson Chair of Scottish Literature at the University of Glasgow. Among many other publications, he is author of Robert Burns (2005) and Scottish Literature (2009), editor of the Edinburgh Edition of Scott’s Reliquiae Trotcosienses (2004) and The Edinburgh Companion to Robert Burns (2009), and co-editor of The Cambridge Companion to Scottish Literature and Scotland and the Nineteenth-Century World (both 2012). Details from Edinburgh Sir Walter Scott Club.

16) ‘The Making of the Abbotsford Estate’, Lecture by Pippa Coles, Abbotsford Library, Abbotsford House, Melrose, 22 April 2015

Using new research which interrogates Scotts's journals, letters, and his account of the planting and management of the estate, Pippa Coles, Gardens Heritage and Development Manager at Abbotsford House, described the ambition behind the landscape of Abbotsford and Sir Walter Scott's central involvement in its creation.  

17) 'Carved in Stone', Adult Learning Workshop, Abbotsford House, Melrose, 9 May 2015

From classical figures to ghoulish gargoyles and elegant floral carvings, Abbotsford boasts a wealth of beautiful stone sculptures. This one day workshop with artist Susheila Jamieson introduced newcomers to simple stone carving techniques and allowed more experienced sculptors to produce something inspired by a unique historical setting. The workshop included a tour of the historic house and gardens, all materials, equipment and lunch.

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2014

1) 'Vulnerable Times', 129th MLA Annual Convention, Chicago, Illinois, 9-12 January 2014

The 129th Annual Convention of the Modern Language Association (MLA) featured four papers of Scott interest: ‘Specters of Scott: Sacrilege and Reparation in Several Late Works’ by Samuel E. Baker (Texas, Austin), ‘Cutting Out the Castle Quicksand: Scott's Bride, Donizetti's Lucia, and the 'Personally Furious' Ayn Rand’ by Shoshana Milgram Knapp (Virginia Polytechnic Inst. and State Univ), ‘”Drifting through the Intellectual Atmosphere'from Scott's Old Morality to Liszt's Hexameron” by Catherine Ludlow (Western Illinois), and ‘Walter Scott, British Identity, and International Grand Opera: Isidore de Lara's Amy Robsart (1893)’ by Tommaso Sabbatini (Chicago).

2) 'The Textual Condition of the Sir Walter Scott’s Waverley Novels', Talk by Dr Brian McMullin, Centre for the Book, University of Otago, New Zealand, 1 February 2014

With the completion of the Edinburgh Edition of the Waverley Novels, which is based on the first editions, attention may now be turned to other editions with authorial warrant, notably the magnum opus edition of 1829–1833, which contains Scott’s final revisions. Dr Brian McMullin (Monash), long-time editor of the Bulletin of the Bibliographical Society of Australia and NZ, discussed The Pirate, The Betrothed, and The Talisman.

3) ‘Energy!’, South-Central Society for Eighteenth-Century Studies 2014 Conference, Galveston, Texas, 13-15 February 2014

The 2104 Conference of the South-Central Society for Eighteenth-Century Studies featured one paper of particular Scott interest: ‘Convicta et Combusta: Walter Scott’s Condemned Woman, the Chivalric Tradition, and Common Law Legitimacy’ by Erin L. Sheley (George Washington).

4) 'Being "German-mad": Sir Walter Scott’s Fascination with German Literature', Lecture by Dr Sigrid Rieuwerts, German Research Seminar, University of Edinburgh, 14 February 2014

This lecture for the German Research Seminar was delivered by Dr Sigrid Rieuwerts, Reader at the University of Mainz and editor/manager of the AHRC/DFG Walter Scott Minstrelsy of the Scottish Border Project.

5) 'Cataloguing the Abbotsford Library', Talk by Lindsay Levy, Carlyle Society, University of Edinburgh, 16 February 2014

Lindsay Levy gave a talk to the Carlyle Society on the work of the Abbotsford Library Research Project, which has completed a catalogue of Scott's personal library at Abbotsford House.

6) ‘The Grammar of the Imagination: A Symposium in Memory of Professor Susan Manning’, University of Edinburgh, 21-22 February 2014

The English Department of Edinburgh University hosted a symposium in memory of their late colleague Susan Manning, Grierson Professor of English and Director of the Institute for Advanced Studies in the Humanities, who died in January 2013. The weekend consisted of a round-table discussion of Professor Manning's last book, The Poetics of Character, a public lecture, ‘Toward a Compositionist Poetics: Through Ballads to the Mesh’ by Professor Maureen McLane (New York), and a day conference on eighteenth- and nineteenth-century literary connections with distinguished international speakers including James Chandler (Chicago), Claire Connolly (Cork), Ian Duncan (Berkeley), Heather Glen (Cambridge), Catherine Jones (Aberdeen), and Nigel Leask (Glasgow). Prof. McLane is the author of Balladeering, Minstrelsy, and the Making of British Romantic Poetry (Cambridge UP, 2008) and Romanticism and the Human Sciences (CUP, 2000, 2006).

7) 'Abbotsford', Edinburgh Philosophical Institution Lecture by Matthew Withey, Saltire Society Edinburgh Branch, Royal OverSeas League, Edinburgh, 19 March 2014

In the 2014 Edinburgh Philosophical Institution Lecture, Matthew Withey, Curator at Abbotsford, talked about the history, and future, of Sir Walter Scott's home in the Scottish Borders.

8) 45th Annual Meeting of the American Society for Eighteenth-Century Studies, Williamsburg, Virginia, 20-23 March 2014

The 2014 Annual Meeting of the American Society for Eighteenth-Century Studies (ASECS) featured two papers of particular Scott interest: 'A Little too Ironic: Austen, Scott, and the Problem of Detachment' by Christopher Scalia (Virginia) and 'Wild Celtic Girls: Owenson, Scott, and Female National Character' by Ashley E. Shannon (Grand Valley State).

9) 'Waverley at 200', One-Day Symposium, University of Dundee, 22 March 2014

The Centre for Scottish Culture at the University of Dundee presented a symposium in celebration of the 200th anniversary of the publication of Walter Scott’s debut novel, Waverley. Speakers includde: David Finkelstein (Dundee), Jodi-Anne George (Dundee), Eleanor Harris (Stirling), Alison Lumsden (Aberdeen), Murdo Macdonald (Dundee), Tom Mole (Edinburgh), Graeme Morton (Dundee), Murray Pittock (Glasgow), David Robb (Dundee), Jim Stewart (Dundee), and Chris Whatley (University of Dundee). The day conclued with a performance of Scott's drama Macduff's Cross by the JOOT Theatre Company.

10) 'The Supernatural in Literature and Film: Ghosts, Fairies, Aliens, Vampires, Monsters, and Demons', Three-Day Conference, Lerwick, Shetland, 29-31 March 2014

Organized by Island Dynamics, this conference brought together researchers and practitioners to discuss the role of the supernatural in literature and film, past and present, worldwide. It included one paper of particular Scott interest: 'The Wizard of the North: The Supernatural in Walter Scott's Novels' by Anna Fancett (Aberdeen).

11) 45th Annual Convention of the Northeast Modern Language Association (NeMLA), Harrisburg, PA, 3-6 April 2014

The Annual Convention of the Northeast Modern Language Association (NeMLA) featured one paper of particular Scott interest: ‘Discovering Manliness: National Identity and Masculinity in Scott’s Waverley by Jo Sullivan (Duquesne)

12)'Walter Scott and Border Ballads', Songs and Tales by Dr Kaye McAlpine and Dr Lucy Macrae, National Library of Scotland, Edinburgh, 7 April 2014

This event was jointly organized by the National Library of Scotland and the Scottish Storytelling Centre. Lucy MacRae (Edinburgh) was recently awarded a PhD for her thesis entitled 'Walter Scott’s Minstrelsy of the Scottish Border and the Dynamics of Cultural Memory'. Dr McAlpine (Edinburgh) is Research Fellow on the AHRC/DFG Walter Scott Minstrelsy of the Scottish Border Project.

13) 'Emblems and Enigma: The Heraldic Imagination'. Interdisciplinary Symposium, Society of Antiquaries of London, 26 April 2014

Hosted by the Society of Antiquaries of London, ths symposium invited paperson any aspect of the employment and perception of the heraldic in literature, history, art, architecture, design, fashion, and contemporary and historical practice. It featured one paper of particular Scott interest: ‘Symbolising Succession: Walter Scott’s and Charlotte Yonge’s Use of Heraldry’ by Diana Powell (University of Liverpool).

14) 'Celebrating the Writing of Orkney and Shetland', Shetland Museum, Lerwick, 29 April 2014

This one-day event marked the completion of Writing the North, a collaboration between the University of Edinburgh, the Shetland Museum and Archives, and the Orkney Library and Archive to explore the writing of Orkney and Shetland and to make connections between the history of literature in the islands from the early nineteenth century and creative writers working today. It included a talk on 'Walter Scott’s Tour to Orkney and Shetland' by Penny Fielding, Grierson Professor of English Literature at Edinburgh University, and Professor Alison Lumsden, Co-Director of Aberdeen University's Walter Scott Research Centre.

15) TradFest: Traditional Scottish Culture Live, Edinburgh, 29 April-11 May 2014

As part of the 2014 TradFest, Anna Fancett and Lisa McKenna, doctoral students at Aberdeen University's Walter Scott Research Centre led a lecture and discussion on the topic of 'Walter Scott and the Storytellers'.

16) Traversées/Crossings: 54th Conference of the Société des Anglicistes de l'Enseignement Supérieur (SAES), Université de Caen Basse-Normandie, France, 16-18 May 2014

The 54th Conference of the Société des Anglicistes de l'Enseignement Supérieur (SAES) at Caen University, featured two papers of particular Scott interest, both by Céline Sabiron (Paris Sorbonne): 'Questioning the Translatability of Walter Scott’s Scottish Novels' and 'Rob Roy à l'écran: un héritage scottien problématique'.

17) 'Transcending Oppositions in Scottish Culture', Two-Day Symposium, University of Porto, Portugal, 2-3 June 2014

This symposium, organised by the Centre for English, Translation and Anglo-Portuguese Studies (CETAPS) of the University of Porto, addressed the problem of oppositions in all aspects of Scottish culture across the centuries. At the same time, it commemorated the 200th anniversary of the publication of Sir Walter Scott’s début novel, Waverley, a landmark in the history of the representations of Scotland and of the symbolic negotiations which involve past and present, realism and romance, politics and personal identity, Englishness and Scottishness. It featured the following papers of particular Scott interest: Maeve Adams (Manhattan College), '"The Force of my Narrative": Persuasion, Nation and Paratext in Walter Scott’s Waverley Novels', Miguel Alarcão (Universidade Nova de Lisboa), 'There was a Writer, a Scottish Writer: Transcending Oppositions in Scott’s Ivanhoe (1819)', Eugenio-Enrique Cortés-Ramírez (Castilla-La Mancha), 'Waverley’s Successful Concordia: The Overcome of Jacobin Disputes in the Early 19th Century', Luísa Leal de Faria (Universidade Católica Portuguesa), 'The Oak Whose Acorns Have Sown a Forest: Thomas Carlyle on John Knox, Robert Burns, Walter Scott and How the Past May Inspire the Future', Carmen Gonçalves (Colégio da Rainha Santa Isabel), 'Identity Games: A Hidden Agenda in Selected Paratexts of Walter Scott', Aniela Korzeniowska (Warsaw), 'Sir Walter Scott and Hugh MacDiarmid: Two Exceptional Literary Figures and their Views in Reference to the Union with England', and Jorge Bastos da Silva (Porto), 'The Veiled Subject in Walter Scott'.

18) 'A la Recherche du Temps Perdu: The Past in Literature from Scott to Proust', Sir Walter Scott Prize Lecture by Prof. David Hewitt, Royal Society of Edinburgh, 9 June 2014

Prof. David Hewitt, Co-Director of Aberdeen University's Walter Scott Research Centre, delivered the Royal Society of Edinburgh's 2014 Walter Scott Prize Lecture, paying homage to Scott on the bicentenary of the publication of Waverley. He also considered the different approaches to finding and reliving the past in Scott and other writers such as William Wordsworth, John Ruskin and Marcel Proust. Professor Hewitt is editor-in-chief of the recently completed Edinburgh Edition of the Waverley Novels. In addition to publishing many important articles on Scott, he has edited Scott on Himself: A Selection of the Autobiographical Writings of Sir Walter Scott (Edinburgh: Scottish Academic Press, 1981) and Scott and His Influence: The Papers of the Aberdeen Scott Conference, 1982 (Aberdeen: Association for Scottish Literary Studies, c1983) (with J. H. Alexander). For the EEWN, he has edited The Antiquary (1995), Redgauntlet (with G. A. M. Wood, 1996), The Heart of Mid-Lothian (with Alison Lumsden, 2004), and, most recently, Rob Roy (2008).

19) ‘Sir Walter Scott’s Legacy and the New Science of Reading’, Discussion Forum, Royal Society of Edinburgh, 16 June 2014

This discussion forum, hosted by the Royal Society of Edinburgh, featured three speakers: Elspeth Jajdelska (Strathclyde) on Scott’s 19th-century readers, Viccy Coltman (Edinburgh) on portraits of Scott, and Sandra McNeil (Abbotsford House) on engaging with school children and the local community over Scott and Abbotsford.

20) 'The Battle of Bannockburn, 1314', 700th Anniversary Conference, University of Stirling, 25-26 June 2014

This Conference, hosted by the University of Stirling and the Strathmartine Trust, featured a paper by John Morrison (Aberdeen) on 'Sir William Allan, Bannockburn and Scottish History'. Examining Scott's impact on Scottish history painting, it focused primarily on Sir William Allan, and considered the paradoxical development of a Unionist history painting when most of the subjects depicted earlier conflict between the partners in the Union. Prof. Morrison is the author of Painting the Nation: Identity and Nationalism in Scottish Painting, 1800-1920, which features two chapters on the influence of Scott (see Morrison 2003a and Morrison 2003b). He also curated the exhibition 'Sir William Allan: Artist, Adventurer' at the City Art Centre, Edinburgh, 30 June-6 October 2001.

21) 'Radcliffe at 250: Gothic and Romantic Imaginations', International Conference, University of Sheffield, 27-29 June 2014

Sponsored by BARS (British Association for Romantic Studies) and the University of Stirling, this conference at Sheffield University celebrated the 250th anniversary of the birth of Ann Radcliffe and the launch of Ann Radcliffe, Romanticism and the Gothic, ed. Dale Townshend and Angela Wright (Cambridge University Press, 2014). It featured one paper of particular Scott interest: 'The "Great Enchantress" and the " Enchanter of the North": Radcliffe, Scott, and Writing Beyond the Grave' by Lucy Linforth (Edinburgh).

22) First World Congress of Scottish Literatures, University of Glasgow, 2-5 July 2014

The University of Glasgow hosted the first World Congress of Scottish Literatures in the College of Arts, with the involvement of the Association for Scottish Literary Studies and other bodies. There were many significant contributions on Scott. Ann Rigney (Utrecht) delivered a plenary lecture 'How Scott Met the Mahatma: Reflections on World Literature'. Ian Duncan (Berkeley) chaired 'Rethinking the Historical Novel: A Roundtable on Scott and ‘the classical form of the historical novel’ 200 Years After Waverley', which featured panellists Ina Ferris (Ottawa), Margaret Kolb (Berkeley), and Matthew Ocheltree (Harvard). Ainsley MacIntosh (Aberdeen) discussed the forthcoming Edinburgh Edition of Walter Scott's Poetry during a roundtable on 'Editing Scottish Texts in the Twenty-First Century'. The congress also featured the following individual papers of particular Scott interest: Kang-yen Chiu (Sun Yat-sen), 'The Reception of Sir Walter Scott in China', Susanne Hagemann (Mainz/Germersheim), 'Scott’s First German Translators', Lindsay Levy (Glasgow), 'The Patriotism of Bibliography: Walter Scott and the Book Clubs', K. P. Müller (Mainz), 'History in Scottish Novels from John Galt to James Robertson and their Theoretical Backgrounds', Susan Oliver (Essex), 'The Matter of Landscape: Walter Scott and the Ecology of a Changing Nation', Josef Olson (Otago), 'Reading and Writing Scott in the South Pacific', Juliet Shields (Washington), 'At Sea in The Pirate', and Matthew Wickman (Brigham Young), 'Redgauntlet: Speculation in History, Speculation in Nature'.

23) ‘Celebrity Encounters: Transatlantic Fame in Nineteenth-Century Britain and America’, International Conference, University of Portsmouth, 4-5 July 2014

This conference, hosted by the Centre for Studies in Literature at the University of Portsmouth, explored the transatlantic dimensions of nineteenth-century constructions of fame and fandom. Of particular interest was the Keynote Address ‘Walter Scott’s Transatlantic Celebrity: A Tale of Two Monuments’ by Tom Mole (Edinburgh).

24) 'Activating the Archive', Tenth International Scott Conference, University of Aberdeen, 8-12 July 2014

The University of Aberdeen is home to the Bernard C. Lloyd Collection of Walter Scott Materials, one of the largest collections of material relating to Scott anywhere in the world. Recently moved to a new home in the Special Collections Centre in the award winning Sir Duncan Rice Library, the Lloyd Collection is particularly rich in materials that demonstrate the international and cultural legacies of Scott’s work. With the broad theme of Activating the Archive, the Tenth International Scott Conference explored the ways in which archives related to Scott may be exploited for scholarship and how they can enhance our understanding of his work. It also celebrated the bi-centenary of the publication of Waverley in a library which holds fine Jacobite collections.

25) 'Romantic Organizations', 22nd Annual Conference of the North American Society for the Study of Romanticism, Washington DC, 10-13 July 2014

The 22nd Annual Meeting of the North American Society for the Study of Romanticism (NASSR) featured nine papers of particular Scott interest: ‘The Staging of Scott’s The Pirate’ by Frederick Burwick (California, Los Angeles), ‘Arts of Dress: Historical Aesthetics in Walter Scott and Jacques Rancière’ by Timothy P. Campbell (Chicago), ‘Portable Pieces: Scott’s Reorganization of The Chronicles of the Canongate by Katie Lanning (Wisconsin-Madison), ‘Revolutions and Apparent Choice in Scott and Austen’ by Yoon Sun Lee (Wellesley College), ‘Remembering Scott and Austen at 100’ by Devoney Looser (Arizona State), ‘”The astonishment and conjectures of my audience”: Walter Scott’s Cliffhanger and the Reorganization of Narrative Discourse’ by Luke Terlaak Poot (Californa, Berkeley),  ‘Squirearchy and Union: The Nation and the Country Gentleman in Scott, Edgeworth, and Owenson’ by Tristan Schweiger (Chicago), and ‘Walter Scott’s Waverley as a Blueprint for the Romantic Reader’ by Megan Taylor (McGill).

26) 24th Triennial Congress of the International Arthurian Society, University of Bucharest, Romania, 20-26 July 2014

The 24th Triennial Congress of the International Arthurian Society, host by the University of Bucharest, featured on paper of particular Scott interest: 'Sebastián Trullot’s Libretto for Amadeo Vives' Opera Artús (1897), or, The Way from Walter Scott’s Romanticism to Catalan and Hispanic Modernisme' by Juan Miguel Zarandona (Valladolid).

27) 'Celebrating Walter Scott's Waverley: A Defining Moment for Scotland?', Edinburgh International Book Festival, 25 August 2014

As part of the 2014 Edinburgh International Book Festival, Prof. Alison Lumsden, Co-Director of the University of Aberdeen's Walter Scott Research Centre, chaired a conversation between novelist James Robertson and author Stuart Kelly on why Scott’s influential novels continue to divide opinion. Robertson completed a PhD on Scott's novels (Edinburgh University) while is author of Scott-Land: The Man Who Invented a Nation (2010). Marking the bicentenary of Waverley, the event was sponsored by the Folio Society.

28) 'Kingdoms, Empire and Legacies: Assessing the Stuart dynasty and its Histories, 1603-2014', British Academy Early Career Research Networking Event, Corpus Christi College, Cambridge, 29 August 2014

August 2014 marked the 300th anniversary of the end of Stuart rule in the British Isles. This one-day symposium, organized by the British Academy at Corpus Christi College, explored the histories and legacies of the Stuart dynasty from the union of the crowns in 1603 until the present day. It featured one paper of particular Scott interest: 'Walter Scott and the Stuart Legacy in his 'Jacobite' Novels' by Céline Sabiron (Wolfson, Oxford).

29) ESSE 2014, 12th Conference of the European Society for the Study of English, Košice, Slovakia, 29 August-2 September 2014

The 12th Conference of the European Society for the Study of English, hosted by Pavol Jozef Šafárik University, featured a number of events of particular Scott interest. Prof. Fiona Robertson (St Mary's) delivered a plenary lecture on 'Walter Scott and the Restoration of Europe', while a panel on 'Walter Scott and the Shaping of the Nineteenth Century Novel' featured the following papers: 'Emulating Scott: Or How a French Imitator Published a Novel, Aymé Verd (1842) in imitation of Quentin Durward (1823)' by Jean Berton (Toulouse), 'The Impact of Adaptation of Scott’s Novels for the Stage' by Ian Brown (Kingston), and ‘Medievalism in the Victorian Novel: Sir Walter Scott’s Interest in Medieval Ideals’ by Alev Karaduman (Hacettepe University, Ankara).

30)'Walter Scott's Waverley', Exhibition, National Library of Scotland, Edinburgh, 10 September-16 November 2014

The original manuscript of Scott's ground-breaking novel Waverley, published in 1814, was the centrepiece of this exhibition at the National Library of Scotland. It also featured key documents that shed light on the birth of the novel; books, letters and newspapers that helped reveal its journey into print; books that were sources and inspirations for Scott; and letters and reviews which speculated about the identity of the anonymous author.

31) 'Minding Borders', Conference, St Anne's College, Oxford, 10-11 September 2014

'Minding Borders', a yearly conference of the Oxford Comparative Criticism and Translation research programme, hosted by St Anne's College, Oxford, featured one paper of particular Scott interest: 'Cross-Channel Literary Crossings and the Borders of Translatability' by Céline Sabiron (Oxford/Nancy).

32) 'Embodying Literary Celebrity and “Making it” as an Author', Workshop, Lancaster University, 18-19 September 2014

Organized by the Authors and the World project at Lancaster University, this workshop featured one paper of particular Scott interest: 'Scott in Stone, Byron in Bronze' by Tom Mole (Edinburgh).

33) 'On or About 1814: A Symposium on Literature in History', University of California Berkeley, 20-21 September 2014

Convened by Representations editorial board member Ian Duncan, this symposium brought together a group of scholars to mark the bicentenary of Scott’s Waverley, published in July 1814, and other literary events associated with 'that fated year' (Robert Louis Stevenson).  Along with works published in Britain in 1814, participants explorde a range of ways of thinking about historical dates and periods and what such data might mean for the study of literature.

Speakers included James Chandler (Chicago), Adriana Craciun (UC Riverside), Claire Connolly(Cork), Simon During (Queensland), Penny Fielding (Edinburgh), Rae Greiner (Indiana), Sara Hackenberg (San Francisco State), Yoon Sun Lee (Wellesley College), Ian Duncan (UC Berkeley), Deidre Shauna Lynch (Harvard), Ann Rigney (Utrecht), and  Matthew Wickman (Brigham Young).

34) 'Commemoration, Memory, Posterity', 2014 Meeting of the Northeast American Society for Eighteenth Century Studies, Syracuse University, New York, 25-27 September 2014

The 2014 Meeting of the Northeast American Society for Eighteenth Century Studies, hosted by Syracuse University, featured three papers of Scott interest: 'Aesthetics of Detachment in Waverley: Scott's Divergence from Burke' by William Bond (Syracuse), 'Reconstructing Walter Scott: Jefferson Davis on Tour' by Mike Goode (Syracuse), and 'Reading Walter Scott, Illustrating Shakespeare, and Constructing Female Types: Eighteenth and Early Nineteenth-Century Gender Performance and the Authority of an Historical Imaginary' by Adam Kozaczka (Syracuse).

35) 'Romantic Reflections: Twins, Echoes, and Appropriations', International Conference on Romanticism, University of St. Thomas, Minneapolis, MN, 25-28 September 2014

The 2014 meeting of the International Conference on Romanticism, hosted by the University of St. Thomas, featured three papers of particular Scott interest: ‘Walter Scott, Franco Moretti, and the Information Engineering of Romantic Fiction’ by Dallas Liddle (Augsburg College), ‘Scott’s Rebecca and the Virtue of Resistance’ by Caitlin Rose Myers (Arizona), and ‘Nomadic Reflections: From American ‘Indian’ to Scottish ‘Gypsy’ in Charles Brockden Brown’s Edgar Huntly and Walter Scott’s Guy Mannering by Maria Stracke (CUNY)

36) The Lermontov 200 Conference, Moffat House Hotel, Moffat, Scotland, 3-5 October 2014

The Lermontov 200 Conference was a celebration of the bicentenary of Mikhail Yuryevich Lermontov and discussion on how to make his work more accessible to wider audiences, jointly promoted by the All-Russia State Library for Foreign Literature, the Moscow Institute of Translation, and Moffat Book Events with publicity support from the Scotland-Russia Forum. It included a panel 'Landscape, Myth and Romanticism' exploring Lermontov's links with Scott, Hogg, and Scottish Romanticism, which featured contributors from writer Evgeny Vodolazkin, Claire Lamont, Professor of English Romantic Literature at Newcastle, and Dr Sigrid Rieuwerts, Reader at the University of Mainz and editor/manager of the AHRC/DFG Walter Scott Minstrelsy of the Scottish Border Project.

37) 'Walter Scott as a Global Writer?', Comparative Literature Seminar by Prof. Ann Rigney, Universiteit Utrecht, Netherlands, 8 October 2014

In the first session of Utrecht University's Comparative Literature Seminar, Prof. Ann Rigney, offered a critical exploration of Scott as a ‘global’ writer by examining the productive reception of his work in British-controlled India. With reference to writers working in Bengali, Urdu and Gujarati, Rigney aimed to show how Scott’s work was translated, adapted, and appropriated as an imaginative resource in formulating an anti-colonial counter-memory that Scott himself could not have anticipated but might perhaps have welcomed. Prof. Rigney holds the Chair of Comparative Literature at Utrecht University; besides many articles on Scott, she is the author of Imperfect Histories: The Elusive Past and the Legacy of Romantic Historicism (2001) and The Afterlives of Walter Scott: Memory on the Move (2012).

38) ‘Revolutions in Eighteenth-Century Sociability’, Joint Annual Meeting of the Canadian Society for Eighteenth-Century Studies and Eighteenth-Century Scottish Studies Society, Montreal, Quebec, 15-18 October 2014

The annual meeting of the Canadian Society for Eighteenth-Century Studies and Eighteenth-Century Scottish Studies Society, hosted by the Université du Québec à Montréal, featured one paper of particular Scott interest: ‘Revising the Reader in Walter Scott’ by Megan Taylor (McGill).

39) 'Conflict and Conquest', 2014 Conference of the Southeastern Medieval Association, Atlanta, Georgia, 16-18 October 2014

Sponsored by University of West Georgia and Clayton State University, the 2014 Conference of the Southeastern Medieval Association featured one paper of particular Scott interest: 'Sir Walter Scott and Maid Marian' by Sherron Lux (San Jacinto College).

40) ‘Medievalisms on the Move’, 29th International Conference on Medievalism, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA, 23-25 October 2014

The 29th International Conference on Medievalism, organized by the International Society for the Study of Medievalism, and hosted by the Georgia Institute of Technology, featured on paper of particular Scott interest: 'Flaubert's Middle Ages' by Chris Ippolito (Georgia Tech), which discussed the influence of Scott and other Romantic writers on Gustave Flaubert's treatment of the Middle Ages.

41) 'Scott in Stone, Byron in Bronze: Statues, Photographs and Poets in the British Pantheon’, IAS Fellow's Public Lecture by Dr Tom Mole, Hatfield College, University of Durham, 24 October 2013

In the middle of the 19th century, Britain was in the grip of a protracted and contentious debate about who constituted the nation and what they shared. As successive Reform Acts more than doubled the electorate, many were concerned about how to build a new sense of cultural consensus. One way to do this was to create a pantheon of great men (and some women) from the past, in an effort to model and promote forms of cultural consensus for the present. A shared set of heroes would provide examples of civic virtue and artistic achievement for emulation. The new pantheon took shape in prominent buildings such as Westminster Abbey and St Paul's Cathedral, but it soon spread across the rapidly redeveloped cities of London and Edinburgh, and then across the nation as a whole. As IAS (Institute of Advanced Studies) Fellow at St Cuthbert's Society, Durham University, Dr Tom Mole how new statues of two writers, Byron and Scott, were positioned in the emerging pantheon and remediated through the new technology of photography. He showed how their inclusion in the new pantheon gave material existence, in the present, to the past shared by the newly-enfranchised subjects of the Reformed nation. Dr Mole is Director of the Centre for the History of the Book at Edinburgh University. He is the author of Byron's Romantic Celebrity: Industrial Culture and the Hermeneutic of Intimacy (2007) and has co-edited Romanticism and Celebrity Culture, 1750-1850 (2009) and The Broadview Reader in Book History (2015).

42) 'Once Upon a Place', Scottish International Storytelling Festival 2014, Edinburgh, 24 October-2 November 2014

The 2014 Scottish International Storytelling Festival was themed Once Upon a Place and celebrated Edinburgh’s global reputation as a cultural centre as well as the tenth anniversary of it being designated the world's first UNESCO City of Literature. One strand, Re-imagining Scotland, was inspired by Scott's Tales of a Grandfather, and reimagined Scotland's history as the people's story rather than tales of kings, queens, empires and battles. It consisted of three events: Tales of a Granny (aimed at under-5's), Unrolling Walter Scott's Magic Carpetcelebrates Walter Scott’s Tales of a Grandfather through events 'Tales of a Granny' and 'Tales of a Grandfather: Unrolling Walter Scott’s Magic Carpet' by Donald Smith, and the three-part 'Tales of a Grandson' with Andy Cannon.

43) 'Familiar Spirits’, 112th Annual Conference of the Pacific Ancient and Modern Language Association, 31 October-2 November 2014

The 112th Annual Conference of the Pacific Ancient and Modern Language Association, sponsored by the University of California, Riverside, featured one paper of particular Scottish interest: ‘Pilgrimage of Love: Circulation, Sensibility, and Empire in Sir Walter Scott's Heart of Midlothian by Ray Crosby (Moreno Valley College).

44) 'Celebrity and Anonymity in Romantic Britain', Oxford Centre for Life Writing Lecture by Dr Tom Mole, Wolfson College, University of Oxford, 14 November 2014

The first of a seminar series on The Author in the Popular Imagination, sponsored by the Oxford Centre for Life Writing and organized by Joanna Neilly (Queen’s, Oxford), was delivered by Dr Tom Mole, Director of the Centre for the History of the Book at Edinburgh University. He is the author of Byron's Romantic Celebrity: Industrial Culture and the Hermeneutic of Intimacy (2007) and has co-edited Romanticism and Celebrity Culture, 1750-1850 (2009) and The Broadview Reader in Book History (2015).

45) '"We’re all half English here": Anglo-German Cultural Transfer during the Reign of the House of Hanover, 1714-1837', Conference, St John’s College, Oxford University, 20-22 November 2014

2014 saw two major jubilees which show the interconnectedness of British and German culture in very different manners, firstly the 300th anniversary of the Hanoverian personal union in 1714 and secondly the 100th anniversary of World War I. As the professor for history in Göttingen, Ludwig T. Spittler, remarked: ‘we’re all half-English here, and not just in terms of clothes, manners and fashion – but in character too’. This autumn, will host a series of events surrounding the personal union and its cultural legacy.

Hosted by St John’s College in cooperation with the University of Hannover, this conference focused on Anglo-German cultural transfer during the reign of the the House of Hanover, tracing the interactions between Germany and Britain in the long 18th century. It featured one paper of particular Scott interest: 'Sir Walter Scott and Germany: Cultural Transfer, the Literary Fantastic and the Historical Novel' by Barry Murnane (Oxford).

46) 'Great Novels of 1814: Austen, Burney, Edgeworth and Scott', Exhibition, Rare Books and Special Collections, Fisher Library, University of Sydney, Australia, 24 November 2014-1 March 2015

The University of Sydney's Fisher Library presented an exhibition to celebrate the bicentenary of four great novels published in the same year: Jane Austen's Mansfield Park, Frances Burney’s The Wanderer, Maria Edgeworth’s Patronage, and Scott’s Waverley.

47) Gothic Study Day, British Library, 6 December 2014

The British Library presented a 'day of presentations by specialists for those who wish to take their interest in the gothic to a deeper level'. It featured two presentations of particular Scott interest: 'Gothic Thresholds; or, The Passages that Lead to Nothing' by Fiona Robertson (St Mary’s) and '"Sir Walter Scott Disease": From "Girly-girly Romance" to the "Southern School of Degeneracy"' by Fred Botting (Kingston).

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2013

1) 'Credit, Money and the Market': 42nd Annual Conference of the British Society for Eighteenth-Century Studies, St Hugh's College, Oxford, 3-5 January 2013

The Annual Conference of the British Society for Eighteenth-Century Studies, held at St Hugh's College, University of Oxford, addressed eighteenth-century understandings of Credit, Money and the Market, and their workings and effects, broadly conceived, throughout the long eighteenth century, at all levels of society, and in any part of the world. It featured one paper of particular Scott interest: '"Turning Lead to Gold": Walter Scott's Works of Swift' by Daniel Cook (Cambridge, now Dundee).

2) 'Avenues of Access', 128th MLA Annual Convention, Boston, Massachusettes, 3-6 January 2013

The 128th Annual Convention of the Modern Language Association (MLA) featured four papers of Scott interest: 'Poetry in the Unnecessarily Restricted Sense in Scott’s Waverley' by Nicholas Bujak (Johns Hopkins), 'Robin Hood Onstage in Dramatic Versions of Scott's Ivanhoe' by Jeff Dailey (Five Towns College), 'Importing Trees and Exporting People: Walter Scott's Transatlantic Ecology' by Susan Oliver (Essex), and 'Euromance of Reunion: Sir Walter Scott, Italy, and Tourism in Postbellum America' by Kaye Wierzbicki (Harvard).

3) 'Rokeby: Poetry and Landscape; Walter Scott and Turner in Teesdale', The Bowes Museum, Castle Barnard, County Durham, 26 January-28 April 2013

This exhibition marked the bicentenary of the publication of Rokeby, which Scott wrote following several visits to John Morritt’s country estate, Rokeby Park, having taken inspiration from the surrounding scenery. The Bowes Museum is situated a mile from the estate, at the centre of the landscape brought to life in the poem. Rokeby placed Teesdale firmly on the tourist map as well as drawing a succession of artists to the region, including Turner, who produced twenty views for Whitaker’s An History of Richmondshire, four of which relate to locations in the poem. Scott’s publisher Cadell later commissioned Turner to illustrate a complete edition of the poet’s works, stating that he could sell 8,000 copies with Turner’s illustrations as opposed to 3,000 without. Exploring the relationship between literature and art, the exhibition (curated by the Museum’s Keeper of Fine Art, Emma House) examined the poem’s role in attracting artists such as Turner, Atkinson Grimshaw, and the Pre-Raphaelite Alfred William Hunt to the region, highlighting the importance of Teesdale in the development of landscape painting in Britain. It included loans from the British Museum, Tate, and regional galleries as well as paintings from the Museum’s own collection. The exhibition was accompanied by a catalogue and a full programme of events, featuring walking tours, workshops, and talks including a guest lecture on Scott's poem by Prof. Fiona Robertson.

4) 'Reiving and Bereaving: Walter Scott and the Rich Ballad Tradition of the Scottish Borders', Songs and Tales by Lucy MacRae and Kaye McAlpine, Edinburgh Sir Walter Scott Club, 7 February 2013

Lucy Macrae and Kaye McAlpine of the School of Celtic and Scottish Studies presented an introduction to Scott's Minstrelsy of the Scottish Border and the historical background of the Borders, featuring ballads sungs by traditional singers Naomi Harvey, Kathy Hobkirk, Elsa LeMaitre and Henry Douglas. Lucy MacRae is working on a Ph.D. that looks at collective memory in the Scottish Borders around 1800, with particular focus on the cultural context of the Minstrelsy texts. Dr McAlpine is Research Fellow on the AHRC/DFG Walter Scott Minstrelsy of the Scottish Border Project. Further details from the Edinburgh Sir Walter Scott Club.

5) ‘Transporting the Romantic: Sir Walter Scott, Washington Irving and the Romantic Writer’s House’, Talk by Prof. Nicola Watson, Centre for Editorial & Intertextual Research, Cardiff University, 26 February 2013

In this talk, hosted by Cardiff University's Centre for Editorial and Intertextual Research (CEIR), visiting speaker Prof. Nicola Watson investigated the making of Washington Irving’s house in New York State, Sunnyside, as a reworking of Sir Walter Scott’s exercise in self-presentation at Abbotsford. Prof. Watson is Professor of English Literature at the Open University. She edited The Antiquary (1999) for Oxford World Classics and is author of Revolution and the Form of the English Novel, 1790-1825 (Oxford University Press, 1994) and The Literary Tourist: Readers and Places in Romantic and Victorian Britain (Palgrave, 2006).

6) 'Bringing Walter Scott into the 21st Century', Debate with Prof. David Purdie and Prof. Alan Riach, Edinburgh Central Library, 28 February 2013

In 2012, Prof. David Purdie (Chairman of the Edinburgh Walter Scott Club) published a controversial abridgment of Sir Scott's Ivanhoe and is currently working on an abridgment of The Heart of Mid-Lothian. Prof. Purdie joined Prof. Alan Riach (Glasgow) for a lively debate on the merits and ethics of bringing Scott into the 21st century, as well as a general discussion on Scott's heroes, heroines, tales and tropes. The event was hosted by Edinburgh Central Library and chaired by Stuart Kelly, author of Scott-Land: The Man Who Invented a Nation, and Literary Editor of Scotland on Sunday.

7) 'Marmion: A Tale of Flodden Field', Rehearsed Reading, Parliament Hall, St. Andrews, 10 March 2013

In the 500th anniversary year of the Battle of Flodden, as part of the Stanza Poetry Festival, a distinguished cast, including Crawford Logan, John Nichol, Judy Steel, and Gerda Stevenson, performed a special rehearsed reading of Scott's Marmion in Parliament Hall, St. Andrews University.

8) 44th Annual Convention of the Northeast Modern Language Association (NeMLA), Boston, Massachusetts, 21-24 March 2013

The Annual Convention of the Northeast Modern Language Association (NeMLA) featured one panel of particular Scott interest: Under Scott’s Shadow: Historical Fiction in the Nineteenth Century. This featured the following papers: 'Sir Arthur Conan Doyle and the "Accurate" Historical Novel' by Kristen Fisher (Pennsylvania State), 'The Novelist and the Historian: The Case of Bulwer-Lytton' by Lesley Goodman (Harvard), and 'Affect-ations of History in Bulwer-Lytton’s The Last Days of Pompeii' by Louetta Hurst (Rutgers).

9) 'Rokeby's Lines: Walter Scott, Poetry, and Possession', Guest Lecture by Prof. Fiona Robertson, The Bowes Museum, Barnard Castle, County Durham, 3 April 2013

To mark the exhibition 'Rokeby: Poetry and Landscape; Walter Scott and Turner in Teesdale' (The Bowes Museum, 26 January-28 April 2013), Prof. Fiona Robertson gave a lecture on Scott's Rokeby and the literary and artistic traditions surrounding it. Prof. Robertson is Horace Walpole Professor of English Literature at St Mary's University College. She is author of Legitimate Histories: Scott, Gothic, and the Authorities of Fiction (Oxford, 1994) and editor of The Bride of Lammermoor (Oxford World Classics, 1991) and The Edinburgh Companion to Sir Walter Scott (Edinburgh, 2012).

10) 44th Annual Meeting of the American Society for Eighteenth-Century Studies, Cleveland, Ohio, 4-7 April 2013

The 2013 Annual Meeting of the American Society for Eighteenth-Century Studies (ASECS) featured two papers of particular Scott interest: 'Convicta et Combusta: Walter Scott’s Condemned Woman, the Chivalric Tradition, and Common Law Legitimacy' by Erin Sheley (George Washington) and 'Walter Scott’s Works of Swift: "Turning Lead to Gold"' by Daniel Cook (Dundee).

11) 'The Man Who Made Scotland', Radio Talk by James Naughtie, BBC Radio 4, 10 April 2013, and BBC Radio Scotland, 6 May 2013

To celebrate the return of Rossini's La Donna del Lago (adapted from Scott's The Bride of Lammermoor) to the Royal Opera House for the first time in almost 30 years, James Naughtie argued that Scott is more relevant now than ever to how Scotland tells the story of itself and to how it addresses the increasingly pressing question of what it means to be Scottish. The common view is that Scott rewrote the story of a small nation and left a trail of sentimentality and naval-gazing in his wake, but, argued Naughtie, Scott's branding of Scotland is the mark of a thoroughly modern thinker and it's been a lot more useful to Scotland than we might think. While the nation has occasionally struggled to escape his 'Balmorality', Naughtie believes that Scott reminds everyone, in countries a long way from Scotland, how important the idea of a national story can become.

12) 'Scott and Malta: A Mediterranean Adventure', Talk by Lt Cdr Dairmid Gunn OBE, Edinburgh Sir Walter Scott Club, 11 April 2013

Lt Commander Dairmid Gunn is well-known to members of the Edinburgh Sir Walter Scott Club as one of its most established Council members. He has previously given talks on many Scott-related topics, including Scott's impact on Cardinal Newman and John Buchan. Details from Edinburgh Sir Walter Scott Club.

13) 'Crosscurrents 2013', Postgraduate Conference in Irish and Scottish Studies, University of Aberdeen, 12-14 April 2013

The 2013 Crosscurrents conference, hosted by the Research Institute of Irish and Scottish Studies, University of Aberdeen, featured three papers of particular Scott interest: '"The Peculiar Charm of Locality": Locating Cultural Memory in Walter Scott's Minstrelsy of the Scottish Border' by Lucy MacRae (Edinburgh), 'Cultural Memory and Closure in the Ending of Walter Scott’s Waverley' by Lisa McKenna (Aberdeen), and 'The Anxiety of Textual Creation: An Exploration of the Link between Maternity and Writing in Walter Scott’s The Monastery' by Anna Fancett (Aberdeen).

14) Summerhall Historical Fiction Festival, Summerhall, Edinburgh, 12-15 April 2013

Summerhall, Edinburgh’s award-winning Arts Centre, launched Britain’s largest Historical Fiction Festival with a line up of acclaimed authors and sessions dealing with both contemporary and classic texts. The Festival featured two events of particular Scott interest. It opens with the launch of the complete Edinburgh Edition of the Waverley Novels, which will be presented by chief editors David Hewitt and Alison Lumsden (both Aberdeen). There followed a talk by Christopher Harvie on 'Walter Scott and Napoleon'.

15) Spring Meeting of the Traditional Song Forum, Scottish Storytelling Centre, Edinburgh, 20 April 2013

The Spring Meeting of the Traditional Song Forum, co-organized by the School of Celtic and Scottish Studies, University of Edinburgh, featured one event of particular Scott interest. In 'Reiving and Bereaving', Lucy MacRae and Kaye McAlpine presented a journey deep into the 'Debatable Lands' of the Scottish Borders, a region laden with history and myth from which Scott drew both material and inspiration for the ballad collection Minstrelsy of the Scottish Border, first published in 1802. They will be joined by acclaimed traditional singers Kathy Hobkirk and Henry Douglas to bring the ballads and their history to life. Lucy MacRae is working on a Ph.D. that looks at collective memory in the Scottish Borders around 1800, with particular focus on the cultural context of the Minstrelsy texts. Dr McAlpine is Research Fellow on the AHRC/DFG Walter Scott Minstrelsy of the Scottish Border Project.

16) 'Pentland Crossings', Talks and Readings about Orkney Literature, University of Edinburgh, 4 May 2013

Hosted by Scottish Writing in the Nineteenth Century (SWINC), this conference launched the Writing the North project, a partnership between Shetland Museum and Archives and the University of Edinburgh

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